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  1. #1
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    Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    Hi Friends,

    I have just installed Fedora 27 64 bit Workstation. I have put in place the following settings. Are they OK?

    1. Add latest offical repositories from http://rpmfusion.org/

    Command Line Setup using rpm

    To enable access to both the free and the nonfree repository use the following command:

    Fedora 22 and later:

    sudo dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm

    2. Enable some other important repositories >> dnf config-manager --set-enabled updates-testing
    3. Disable any repository >> dnf config-manager --set-disabled _local
    4. Enable any repository >> yum-config-manager --enable updates-testing
    5. Disable any repository >> yum-config-manager --disable _reponame

    6. Stop DNF from re-installing the same updates/packages >> echo 'keepcache=true' >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf

    7. Allow DNF to select fastest mirror for updates >> echo 'fastestmirror=true' >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf

    8. Stop DNF from checking for updates automatically >> echo 'metadata_timer_sync=0' >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf

    9. Always try do sudo dnf clean all, followed by sudo dnf check-update.

    10. Change boot time...

    Boot menu > Grub Timeout=60 > nano /etc/default/grub

    and then :: grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

    11. Put maximize, minimize buttons on windows by running >> "dnf install gnome-tweak-tool".

    12. Update the whole system after installation with the command "dnf update".

    Thanks.
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

  2. #2
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    I have installed the following packages with the command "dnf install packagename", which I often install after installing a new version of Fedora.

    Do you think these are really essential packages for a regular/average Fedora user? Are there any packages that you think, I should install?

    dnf grouplist = list of groups
    ================================================== ================================================== =================
    dnf groupinstall "Administration Tools" (4.6 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "Audio Production" (445 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "Books and Guides" (7.2 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "C Development Tools and Libraries" (69 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "D Development Tools and Libraries" (19 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "Development Tools" (33 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "Editors"
    dnf groupinstall "LibreOffice"
    dnf groupinstall "Network Servers"
    dnf groupinstall "Office/Productivity"
    dnf groupinstall "RPM Development Tools" (2.4 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "Security Lab" (151 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "Sound and Video"
    dnf groupinstall "System Tools" (12 MB)
    dnf groupinstall "Text-based Internet"
    ================================================== ================================================== =========================
    abiword (12 MB)
    accrete*
    ack*
    acl
    acpi
    adedu
    aide
    alsa* (88 MB)
    alsamixer
    amarok* (113 MB)
    anjuta (27 MB)
    apache (133 MB)
    ark* (23 MB)
    arora
    arp* (45 MB)
    arp-scan
    arptables
    arpwatch
    ath-info
    attr*
    banshee* (31 MB)
    bash
    blender* (111 MB)
    brasero (4.6 MB)
    cclive*
    ================================================== ================================================== ======================
    clam* (178 MB)

    Could not install...error...try to add '--allowerasing' to command line to replace conflicting packages or '--skip-broken' to skip uninstallable packages..

    Try...(dnf --skip-broken install clam*).....
    ================================================== ================================================== ======================
    clamtk
    control-center
    cpuid*
    curl* (11 MB)
    dig
    eclipse* (1 GB)
    emacs* (197 MB)
    fedy (GUI for installing various utilities)
    finger
    firefox*
    firebug (Firefox add-on)
    gcal
    gcc*
    gcc kernel-devel
    gconf-editor
    geany (8 MB)
    gedit
    gimp* (540 MB)
    gnome-* (342 MB)
    gnome-packagekit
    gnome-shell
    gnome-shell-extension*
    gnome-tweak-tool
    gparted
    gscan2pdf (for scanning)
    gthumb
    guake
    gwget
    hdparm
    host
    htop
    hwloc
    hw*
    imap*
    inkscape (24 MB)
    inxi
    iptables
    k3b (16 MB)
    k9copy
    kate*
    kchmviewer
    kdevelop (20 MB)
    ksensors
    ktorrent (6.3 MB)
    libdvd* (Necessary add-on to play media files from countries other than India)
    links
    live*
    liveusb-creator
    lshw* (lshw-gui)
    lvm*
    lynx
    mariadb-server
    mariadb*
    mbox2eml*
    *mtp* (to connect mobile phones)
    mutt
    mysql* (16 MB)
    nail
    netbeans*
    nethogs
    nslookup
    nspr*
    pandoc* (23 MB)
    *pdf* (230 MB)
    pdftk (for merging pdf files)
    pdfunite (for merging pdf files)
    perl*
    php* (dnf --skip-broken install php*) (133 MB)
    php php-cli php-mysql
    php php-cli php-mysql mysql mysql-server httpd
    ping
    poppler-utils* (for merging pdf files, includes pdfunite)
    poppler*
    python* (dnf --skip-broken install python*) (2.3 GB)
    regionset (Necessary add-on to play media files from countries other than India)
    rsyslog*
    ruby* (dnf --skip-broken install ruby*)
    simple-scan (for scanning)
    smart*
    smartmontools
    synaptic
    *system* (269 MB)
    system-config (14 MB)
    telnet
    terminator (2.3 MB)
    thunderbird* (80 MB)
    traceroute
    tuxcut (2.1 MB)
    unrar
    *usb*
    vi
    vim* (361 MB)
    vlc* (19 MB)
    whois
    wine* (286 MB)
    xfburn
    x86info
    yum*
    yumex

    thanks a lot.
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

  3. #3
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    I don't believe that any of your listed group installs is necessary (with the possible exception of Administration Tools). Just install what you need -- so you don't have dozens of unneeded programs.

    Here is a list of programs I install (using a kickstart) above and beyond what the xfce4 install contains: (note -- the minus sign (-) removes the program that is included in the xfce install):
    Code:
    @admin-tools
    @anaconda-tools
    @base-x
    @core
    @dial-up
    @fonts
    @guest-desktop-agents
    @hardware-support
    @input-methods
    @multimedia
    @networkmanager-submodules
    @printing
    @standard
    @xfce-apps
    @xfce-desktop
    @xfce-extra-plugins
    @xfce-media
    @xfce-office
    aajohan-comfortaa-fonts
    anaconda
    dracut-live
    glibc-all-langpacks
    gnome-keyring-pam
    kernel
    kernel-modules
    kernel-modules-extra
    memtest86+
    syslinux
    system-config-printer
    wget
    xscreensaver-extras
    -acpid
    -aspell-*
    -autofs
    -coolkey
    -desktop-backgrounds-basic
    -foomatic-db-ppds
    -gimp-help
    -hplip
    -isdn4k-utils
    -mpage
    -numactl
    sane-backends
    -sox
    -xfce4-sensors-plugin
    xsane
    -xsane-gimp
    NetworkManager.x86_64
    NetworkManager-wifi.x86_64
    gcc.x86_64
    vlc.x86_64 
    akmod-wl.x86_64
    kernel-devel.x86_64
    kernel-headers.x86_64
    @libreoffice
    gparted
    google-chrome-stable.x86_64
    -abiword
    -midori
    ffmpeg.x86_64
    gedit.x86_64
    tar
    lorax.x86_64
    lorax-lmc-novirt
    pykickstart
    k3b.x86_64
    ImageMagick
    mock
    git
    @virtualization
    vim
    mplayer
    pavucontrol
    dvd+rw-tools.x86_64
    sudo

  4. #4
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    As far as your command to update grub2 (grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg), it is probably unnecessary and if you have a gpt system (instead of an MBR system), it will not work correctly in any case.

  5. #5
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    Quote Originally Posted by donatom
    As far as your command to update grub2 (grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg), it is probably unnecessary and if you have a gpt system (instead of an MBR system), it will not work correctly in any case.
    ok, thanks. but how do i know which system it is.
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

  6. #6
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    Quote Originally Posted by donatom

    I don't believe that any of your listed group installs is necessary (with the possible exception of Administration Tools). Just install what you need -- so you don't have dozens of unneeded programs.
    Correct, I agree.

    Here is a list of programs I install (using a kickstart) above and beyond what the xfce4 install contains: (note -- the minus sign (-) removes the program that is included in the xfce install):
    So, you use xfce4 as your desktop environment?

    I have heard of kickstart, but never used it. Is it easy to use? thanks.
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

  7. #7
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    but how do i know which system it is.
    Just run this command in terminal: " /sys/firmaware" If you see "efi" in the results, you have uefi boot. If you don't see "efi", then you have MBR boot (note: I gleaned this from PabloTwo in FedoraForum).

    Yes, I use xfce4 for my desktop environment. I use the xfce4 kickstart to make my custom live iso and it works quite well for me. I have heard of too many complaints about problems with Gnome3 (which is what you get if you install the workstation). Besides, the workstation download seems to include a lot of unnecessary programs.

    I have heard of kickstart, but never used it. Is it easy to use? thanks.
    It is not that difficult, but there is a learning curve involved. The nice thing about it is that when you create your own live fedora iso (based on xfce, gnome, kde, lxqt, mate-compiz, cinnamon, and lxde), your iso is completely up-to-date. I use the custom iso to upgrade my system instead of using dnf system-upgrade; it is a lot less time-consuming (7 minutes vs. 1 hour or more).

    Here is a fairly good comparison of the various desktop environments: https://www.pcworld.com/article/2951...-compared.html

    If you are interested in creating your own customized fedora iso, here is the Fedora wiki: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Livem..._use_a_Live_CD

    In addition, here is my own wiki that may be of interest: https://forums.fedoraforum.org/showt...emedia-Creator

    The whole process can take over an hour, depending on your system. If you decide to go the livemedia-creator/kickstart route, just open up a thread on Fedoraforum should you have problems.
    Last edited by donatom; 4th June 2018 at 04:54 PM. Reason: corrections

  8. #8
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    Quote Originally Posted by donatom
    Just run this command in terminal: " /sys/firmaware" If you see "efi" in the results, you have uefi boot. If you don't see "efi", then you have MBR boot (note: I gleaned this from PabloTwo in FedoraForum).
    OK. This is what I did...

    Code:
    [root@localhost john]# /sys/firmware
    bash: /sys/firmware: Is a directory
    [root@localhost john]# 
    [root@localhost john]# cat /sys/f
    firmware/ fs/       
    [root@localhost john]# cat /sys/firmware/
    acpi/   dmi/    memmap/ 
    [root@localhost john]# cat /sys/firmware/
    Yes, I use xfce4 for my desktop environment.
    Great. I think xfce4 needs less processing power and RAM, right?

    Besides, the workstation download seems to include a lot of unnecessary programs.
    Yes, I always thought so.

    It is not that difficult, but there is a learning curve involved.
    This gives me a lot of hope and I will surely give it a go. Thanks.

    The nice thing about it is that when you create your own live fedora iso (based on xfce, gnome, kde, lxqt, mate-compiz, cinnamon, and lxde), your iso is completely up-to-date. I use the custom iso to upgrade my system instead of using dnf system-upgrade; it is a lot less time-consuming (7 minutes vs. 1 hour or more).
    Time is a big factor. I normally run the command "dnf upadte" to update the whole system in one ago, but I have never used this
    "dnf system-upgrade" command, is it similar to the one I normally use?

    Here is a fairly good comparison of the various desktop environments: https://www.pcworld.com/article/2951...-compared.html
    Great, thanks.

    If you are interested in creating your own customized fedora iso, here is the Fedora wiki: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Livem..._use_a_Live_CD
    I will try it out.

    In addition, here is my own wiki that may be of interest: https://forums.fedoraforum.org/showt...emedia-Creator
    Excellent. Thanks a lot. Feel really inspired now.
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

  9. #9
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    The contents of /sys/firmware indicate that your system is using MBR (legacy) boot (as you know)

    I think xfce4 needs less processing power and RAM, right?
    Exactly. LXQt also is not very demanding as far as system hardware goes. Of the 6 spins, the workstation (which comes with Gnome3) is the most demanding, and KDE Plasma comes in second in this regard.

    but I have never used this
    "dnf system-upgrade" command, is it similar to the one I normally use?
    "# dnf update (or dnf upgrade)" updates the present version (Fedora 28, etc.). "dnf system-upgrade" is used when moving up to the newest version (Fedora 27 to Fedora 28, etc). Here is the wiki for system-upgrade: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/DNF_system_upgrade It works well, but there is downtime (up to an hour) when you can't use your computer. When you use a custom iso to upgrade to the next system, there is very little down-time (less than 10 minutes).

    Good luck -- and have lots of fun -- in your Fedora (Linux) endeavors.
    Last edited by donatom; 5th June 2018 at 05:31 PM.

  10. #10
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    The contents of /sys/firmware indicate that your system is using MBR (legacy) boot (as you know)
    OK.

    "dnf update (or dnf upgrade)" updates the present version (Fedora 28, etc.).
    Ok.

    dnf system-upgrade is used when moving up to the newest version (Fedora 27 to Fedora 28, etc).
    Right.

    Here is the wiki for system-upgrade: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/DNF_system_upgrade
    This is going to be very useful.

    It works well, but there is downtime (up to an hour) when you can't use your computer. When you use a custom iso to upgrade to the next system, there is very little down-time (less than 10 minutes).
    Yes, I fully agree. But is now possible to upgrade to the latest available release of Fedora from any release of the same on one's system? I mean if I am running Fedora 25, then is it possible to upgrade to Fedora 30?

    Good luck -- and have lots of fun -- in your Fedora (Linux) endeavors.
    I need a lot of good luck. I am very grateful to many forum members like yourself, who have provided me with valuable guidance over the last one decade or so. Your help is a great blessing. I can not thank you enough. I have created a Fedora commands blog. Please check it out and suggest me whatever you think I should include.
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

  11. #11
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    But is now possible to upgrade to the latest available release of Fedora from any release of the same on one's system? I mean if I am running Fedora 25, then is it possible to upgrade to Fedora 30?
    Yes, I believe that if you take the livemedia-creator route to create a custom live Fedora iso, you can change any install to the most up-to-date Fedora version. The only stipulation is that your installation must be able to update mock to the latest version. I don't know if this is possible on an EOL (end of life) version of Fedora, since I never let any of my installs reach end of life. (I know that security updates for EOL systems are no longer possible).

    As far as doing a system-update using dnf system-update, I believe that generally (according to the fedora wiki on this) you can move up two versions (i.e., go from Fedora 28 to Fedora 30, for instance) as long as the original system has not reached EOL. I have heard of users successfully moving up more versions than this, but I would not guarantee that you would be able to do this.

    To update using a customized iso, I first boot the iso and then I delete my Fedora root partition (/). I start Anaconda ("Install onto partition") and I create a root partition in the custom partition mode. I then navigate to my original /home partition (I first click on "other partitions" or similar) and set that as my home partition for the new install. Do not repartition or reinstall the file system on this partition. Then I install onto the new / partition. This takes about 7 minutes. I then update grub2 on my system and I have a brand new, up-to-date customized system which took me less than 10 minutes to install. Since I left my /home untouched, I have basically all my data and most of my settings intact.

    Just a note of caution, you should ALWAYS back up all your data (the root and the /home partitions and everything else on your hard-drive) before deleting anything.
    Last edited by donatom; 11th June 2018 at 07:32 PM. Reason: adding information, clarifying

  12. #12
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    Yes, I believe that if you take the livemedia-creator route to create a custom live Fedora iso, you can change any install to the most up-to-date Fedora version.
    You have given me inspiration to take the livemedia-creator route, so I will give it a go as soon as I have got a couple of old HDDs from my friends. I normally have 4-5 HDDs at home to practise, but now I only have 2 left. One has Fedora 27 Workstation and another has Windows 7 Home Basic.

    As far as doing a system-update using dnf system-update, I believe that generally (according to the fedora wiki on this) you can move up two versions (i.e., go from Fedora 28 to Fedora 30, for instance) as long as the original system has not reached EOL.
    OK. Whenever I intend to upgrade my Fedora to the latest version using a dnf command, I will make sure that the version I am upgrading from has not reached its EOL.

    To update using a customized iso, I first boot the iso and then I delete my Fedora root partition (/). I start Anaconda ("Install onto partition") and I create a root partition in the custom partition mode. I then navigate to my original /home partition (I first click on "other partitions" or similar) and set that as my home partition for the new install. Do not repartition or reinstall the file system on this partition. Then I install onto the new / partition. This takes about 7 minutes. I then update grub2 on my system and I have a brand new, up-to-date customized system which took me less than 10 minutes to install. Since I left my /home untouched, I have basically all my data and most of my settings intact.
    I have forwarded this set of instrtuctions from you to my group of Linux enthusiasts.

    Just a note of caution, you should ALWAYS back up all your data (the root and the /home partitions and everything else on your hard-drive) before deleting anything.
    Of course, this is a must.

    You have given me so much information and inspiration. I am very thankful to you. You seem to possess a lot of knowledge about Linux in general and Fedora in particular. I request you to start a YouTube channel posting Fedora related tutorials if possible. You are going to help so many Fedora lovers around the world. I also want to start a YouTube channel posting Fedora related tutorials, but time is a big constraint. I have already compiled a list of topics. Thank you my friend, may God bless you.
    Last edited by tech291083; 12th June 2018 at 08:27 AM.
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

  13. #13
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    Re: Fedora 27 post-installation settings

    Just run this command in terminal: " /sys/firmaware" If you see "efi" in the results, you have uefi boot. If you don't see "efi", then you have MBR boot (note: I gleaned this from PabloTwo in FedoraForum).
    Is there any other command or method to check the same? Thanks.

    In addition, here is my own wiki that may be of interest: https://forums.fedoraforum.org/showt...emedia-Creator
    It is really good. Please have a look at my own blog below whenever time permits and suggest me something. Thanks.

    http://fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com/
    fedoralinuxcommands.blogspot.com


    All the forces in the world are not so powerful as an idea whose time has come - Victor Hugo

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