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  1. #1
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    How write .iso to dvd

    Anybody got a good link to documentation for creating DVD's under Gnome3 and Fedora 27?

    I haven't burned DVDs in quite a while and find I am out of touch with current process for burning DVDs. The Fedora documentation describes the process under F14 and no longer applies. I installed Brasero but it can't write to DVD because the blank is mounted as "read only" ( hard to understand that default ) .
    I can't seem to discover a google search phrase that gets me anywhere besides the "dated" Fedora documentation.


    Sooo.. I find I need a refresh on configuring automount of DVDs and tools for burning DVDs.
    Thanks in advance for any help!!
    Laptop: ASUS K61IC/ Intel T6600 2.20Ghz x2/ 4GB/ 320GB SataII/ NVidia G96M/ fc27.x86_64
    Tower: GigaByte (990FXA)/ AMD 1100T 3.3Ghz x6/ 16GB/ 7.5TB Sata III/ AMD 6770HD/ fc27.x86_64
    Bookshelf: Shuttle DS61 (H61)/ i3-3225 3.3Ghz x2/ 16GB/ 320GB Sata II/ Intel HD 4000/ fc26.x86_64
    Embedded: BeagleBone Blk / ARM AM3358 1 GHz x1/ 512MB/ 2GB eMMC/ PowerVR SGX530/ fc27.armv7hl

  2. #2
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    I haven't done this in years, but K3B was always the app I used. Link to howto of K3B: https://www.linux.com/news/burn-cds-dvds-and-isos-K3b

  3. #3
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    There is available on the Fedora project website a creator software that can download an iso and create a dvd or to just use a previously downloaded iso.

    You may also create one DVD by the following script that you must modify. You have to modify the FLASH= to be the address for your DVD writer.

    Code:
    #!/bin/bash
    FLASH='/dev/sdf'
    if [ $# == 0 ]
    then
       echo  "Use to create Bootable USB/DVD. Us as: $0 Path_to_Linux.iso"
       exit 0
    fi
    sudo dd if=$1 of=$FLASH   bs=8M status=progress oflag=direct,sync
    As noted the address of my flashdrive is /dev/sdf Always make sure that your DVD is at the address you assign to the FLASH variable. A wrong address (for example, address of your hard disk) will have disasterous results.
    Leslie in Montreal

    Interesting web sites list
    http://forums.fedoraforum.org/showth...40#post1697840

  4. #4
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    A little more background:
    The DVD to be copied contains software and medical images. I want to create a copy to allow sharing with multiple consultants and not lose possession of the original files.

    If I were duplicating USB's, I would use "gnome-disk-utility" to "create a disk image" then "restore a disk image" to the new USB(I use the "restore a disk image" to move Fedora 'iso's to USB all the time). With the DVD, I can "create a disk image" just fine. However, because the blank DVD is mounted as "read only" the "restore a disk image" is greyed out and can't be selected.
    Both my internal DVD and External USB attached DVD exhibit the same behavior. Brasero works with the external DVD, but not the internal DVD. (not sure what that's about)
    I think if I could figure out how to get the blank DVD mounted as "rw" things would be just fine.

    I was doing this quickly for a friend and actually had to revert to using my Windows10 system to make the copies, which I consider TOTALLY UNACCEPTABLE.

    BTW: Leslie the "dd" write generates a write error due to the the "Read only" status.
    Laptop: ASUS K61IC/ Intel T6600 2.20Ghz x2/ 4GB/ 320GB SataII/ NVidia G96M/ fc27.x86_64
    Tower: GigaByte (990FXA)/ AMD 1100T 3.3Ghz x6/ 16GB/ 7.5TB Sata III/ AMD 6770HD/ fc27.x86_64
    Bookshelf: Shuttle DS61 (H61)/ i3-3225 3.3Ghz x2/ 16GB/ 320GB Sata II/ Intel HD 4000/ fc26.x86_64
    Embedded: BeagleBone Blk / ARM AM3358 1 GHz x1/ 512MB/ 2GB eMMC/ PowerVR SGX530/ fc27.armv7hl

  5. #5
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    Hi Kobuck
    In my collection of antiquity, I came across some R/W DVDs from Memorex. Supposedly they could be erased multiple times, but with the burning process, one could not append data once they were written.
    Later today I will switch to my KDE system, to verify that k3b works on it.
    K3b is available on Gnome
    Code:
    dnf list k3b*
    Last metadata expiration check: 0:58:17 ago on Wed 29 Nov 2017 09:19:05 AM EST.
    Installed Packages
    k3b.x86_64                            1:17.08.1-1.fc27           @fedora        
    k3b-devel.x86_64                      1:17.08.1-1.fc27           @fedora        
    k3b-extras-freeworld.x86_64           1:17.08.1-1.fc27           @rpmfusion-free
    k3b-libs.x86_64                       1:17.08.1-1.fc27           @fedora        
    Available Packages
    k3b-devel.i686                        1:17.08.1-1.fc27           fedora         
    k3b-libs.i686                         1:17.08.1-1.fc27           fedora
    You probably don't want the i686 packages.

    I tested k3b on my F27 Gnome system and it appears to work as anticipated.
    Last edited by lsatenstein; 29th November 2017 at 04:20 PM. Reason: more info
    Leslie in Montreal

    Interesting web sites list
    http://forums.fedoraforum.org/showth...40#post1697840

  6. #6
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    This works for me in a terminal as root:
    Code:
    wodim -v speed=0 -isosize /image-to-be-burnt.iso
    If you have more than one dvd device, you can specify which one to use, for example, dev=/dev/sr1. The "speed=0" asks the device to burn at the slowest speed of burning which may help. You can test the command by using the -dummy option which will do a trial run without actually burning.

  7. #7
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    k3b, brasero, xfburn. I've used them all. A few days ago it was xfburn to burn a LUbuntu 17.10 DVD from an iso.

    ...but it can't write to DVD because the blank is mounted as "read only"
    I don't ever remember ever seeing that. But then I don't run Gnome.

  8. #8
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    As above it's been a long time since I burned a DVD, but don't you want it unmounted before burning to it? Try umount the device beforehand?

  9. #9
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    Code:
    umount /dev/sr0
    is your friend

  10. #10
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    Quote Originally Posted by antikythera
    Code:
    umount /dev/sr0
    is your friend
    No joy, the "umount" only works on DVD's which contain a filesystem. The blank DVD is not mounted and can't be umounted.

    ###### With a blank DVD in drive

    # lsblk -m /dev/sr0
    NAME SIZE OWNER GROUP MODE
    sr0 2K root cdrom brw-rw----

    # lsblk -S /dev/sr0
    NAME HCTL TYPE VENDOR MODEL REV TRAN
    sr0 5:0:0:0 rom ATAPI iHAS124 W HL03 sata

    # lsblk /dev/sr0
    NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
    sr0 11:0 1 2K 0 rom


    ###### With DVD contaiining data

    # lsblk -m /dev/sr0
    NAME SIZE OWNER GROUP MODE
    sr0 148.1M root cdrom brw-rw----

    # lsblk -S /dev/sr0
    NAME HCTL TYPE VENDOR MODEL REV TRAN
    sr0 5:0:0:0 rom ATAPI iHAS124 W HL03 sata

    # lsblk /dev/sr0
    NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
    sr0 11:0 1 148.1M 0 rom /run/media/<userid>/<Volume lablel>
    Thanks for all the suggestions guys. This has become a challenge for me to learn how DVD's are handled.

    Although Brasero seems to have issues the "wodim" CLI tool works fine.
    Code:
    Starting new track at sector: 0
    Track 01:  147 of  147 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf  84%]   7.5x.
    Track 01: writing  30 KB of pad data.
    Track 01: Total bytes read/written: 154996736/155027456 (75697 sectors).
    Writing  time:   44.682s
    Average write speed   2.9x.
    Min drive buffer fill was 78%
    Fixating...
    Fixating time:   83.175s
    wodim: fifo had 2442 puts and 2442 gets.
    wodim: fifo was 0 times empty and 759 times full, min fill was 93%.
    It seems the DVD is considered a Read Only - CDROM device and requires a specialized burner tool to write. My attempt to use Gnome-disk-utility is just not in scope of current implementation model.
    Laptop: ASUS K61IC/ Intel T6600 2.20Ghz x2/ 4GB/ 320GB SataII/ NVidia G96M/ fc27.x86_64
    Tower: GigaByte (990FXA)/ AMD 1100T 3.3Ghz x6/ 16GB/ 7.5TB Sata III/ AMD 6770HD/ fc27.x86_64
    Bookshelf: Shuttle DS61 (H61)/ i3-3225 3.3Ghz x2/ 16GB/ 320GB Sata II/ Intel HD 4000/ fc26.x86_64
    Embedded: BeagleBone Blk / ARM AM3358 1 GHz x1/ 512MB/ 2GB eMMC/ PowerVR SGX530/ fc27.armv7hl

  11. #11
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    maybe the media isn't supported properly by the Liteon drive. Also is the burner's firmware up to date? sometimes they patch them for media compatibility issues. I don't have that model or make to test with, I use LG and Pioneer burners and Maxell or Verbatim media. My notebook has a Samsung which it came with, can't say I'm overly impressed with the build quality of the Samsung drive. I'm on a direct replacement for it already and next time it breaks I'll swap that for an LG or Pioneer too.

  12. #12
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    @antikythera:

    With your setup, can you "restore disk image" to a blank DVD/CD from "gnome-disk-utilities"?

    If not, I'm going to give up and document "wodim" from the CLI as my preferred method in my notebook. ( I will probably not worry about writing DVD's for another few years )
    Laptop: ASUS K61IC/ Intel T6600 2.20Ghz x2/ 4GB/ 320GB SataII/ NVidia G96M/ fc27.x86_64
    Tower: GigaByte (990FXA)/ AMD 1100T 3.3Ghz x6/ 16GB/ 7.5TB Sata III/ AMD 6770HD/ fc27.x86_64
    Bookshelf: Shuttle DS61 (H61)/ i3-3225 3.3Ghz x2/ 16GB/ 320GB Sata II/ Intel HD 4000/ fc26.x86_64
    Embedded: BeagleBone Blk / ARM AM3358 1 GHz x1/ 512MB/ 2GB eMMC/ PowerVR SGX530/ fc27.armv7hl

  13. #13
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    Quote Originally Posted by Kobuck
    @antikythera:

    With your setup, can you "restore disk image" to a blank DVD/CD from "gnome-disk-utilities"?

    If not, I'm going to give up and document "wodim" from the CLI as my preferred method in my notebook. ( I will probably not worry about writing DVD's for another few years )
    I don't have GNOME handy, I'm currently using manjaro KDE so even if I could test, the results wouldn't be as reflective as using Fedora for you. I've never had an issue burning an ISO image to DVD+R or DVD+RW though with either using XFBurn (my preference with Fedora MATE) or K3b. I've also used brasero with Cinnamon before and it worked okay.

    EDIT - are you using a Wayland Session? If so, try Xorg. It occurred to me while I was brewing up some coffee that Wayland may be interfering in the media state detection as the GUI programs have to send commands to wodim

    wodim is probably the best option anyhow rather than chasing this further since it's just as quick as wading through a GUI to achieve the same thing. make a note of it somewhere in a text file (for copy and paste) or bookmark this thread for next time.

  14. #14
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    Re: How write .iso to dvd

    Quote Originally Posted by antikythera
    EDIT - are you using a Wayland Session? If so, try Xorg. It occurred to me while I was brewing up some coffee that Wayland may be interfering in the media state detection as the GUI programs have to send commands to wodim
    Good catch!!!
    Yep, the Brasero code has problems with the X server Wayland provides. If I log in using Gnome X11, I get a successful completion. If I login with Wayland, Brasero hangs during the finalization of the DVD.
    The Gnome-disk-utility still won't write an image restore. It's probably honoring the "rom" device type and not allowing writes to the /dev/sr0 device by design.

    I will use the "wodim" CLI tool in future since I intend to operate with Gnome/Wayland. Catching these types of issues is why I run Gnome/Wayland , but since I use my system to do real work, its sometimes difficult to remember that "some debugging required" is still in order. I now have 2 software tools that have problems with Wayland X11. The "Users and Groups" GUI editor won't even start, and "Brasero" can't successfully complete an image burn.

    Thanks for your help.
    Laptop: ASUS K61IC/ Intel T6600 2.20Ghz x2/ 4GB/ 320GB SataII/ NVidia G96M/ fc27.x86_64
    Tower: GigaByte (990FXA)/ AMD 1100T 3.3Ghz x6/ 16GB/ 7.5TB Sata III/ AMD 6770HD/ fc27.x86_64
    Bookshelf: Shuttle DS61 (H61)/ i3-3225 3.3Ghz x2/ 16GB/ 320GB Sata II/ Intel HD 4000/ fc26.x86_64
    Embedded: BeagleBone Blk / ARM AM3358 1 GHz x1/ 512MB/ 2GB eMMC/ PowerVR SGX530/ fc27.armv7hl

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