PDA

View Full Version : Installing Fedora 26 Workstation 64b with 2 GUIs : Mate and Gnome



BeanVatar
17th October 2017, 04:16 PM
Hi everyone,

this is not a question, it's a report about my installation of Fedora 26 in order to help other people interested in having more than one GUI (by default : Gnome3). I have prefered Mate. This GUI is not only a continuation of Gnome2 like the "Gnome Classic" option offered by Fedora 26 when installed with Gnome. There are nice features, like the System menu, the possibility of changing the menus, interesting icones (e.g. "select windows") and improved applications.

1 - BURNING AN INSTALLATION DVD

Using a Windows 10 computer I have downloadad at getfedora.org an ISO file. Fedora 26 Workstation 64b, Live. (Or 32b if your computer is an old one that is with 32b technology)
Once downloaded I found that ISO file and I right clicked on it to choose "burn CD".
There was then a blank DVD at the CD reader. Before pushing Ok I clicked the option to check the file after being burnt.
It's also possible to buy a DVD at OSDisc. Or to burn the ISO file under a Linux system.
Remove the DVD and place it at the DVD reader that is connected to the computer where you want to install Linux Fedora 26 Workstation.

2 - CONFIGURING THE BIOS

With my laptop the touch F2 was the one to be pushed when the computer starts, in order to open the Bios. Maybe another touch (Maj ?) with another computer.
Once opened the Bios, use keyboard to move to the Boot menu and go down (down arrow) to select USB CDROM (or whatever CD reader), then use F6 to have it climbing to the top. Then use right arrow to go the other menu where you can Save the modification.
Once you leave the Bios, automatically the computer takes the DVD as an operating system.

3 - INSTALLING THE DVD

It will take you about 45 minutes. The process is fairly easy. You will have, as this is a Live DVD, to click on an "Installing on the hard drive" icon then you actually enter in a Gnome environment that (Anaconda process) asks you language, keyboard, local time, network (not internet connection, just domain), where to install the OS, root password, name and pwd of a user. The "where to install the OS" is the only step that is a little bit tricky, you will probably have to delete whatever was already installed.

Once done, you reboot. You're invited to login. Notice the little icon just close to the pwd space : it allows you to make a choice between Gnome (Gnome3, or Shell Gnome) and Classic Gnome (sort of Gnome2 mixed with Shell Gnome).

4 - INSTALLING MATE

Find the Gnome Terminal. (If "Classic Gnome" it's easier : just use the menu)
Type su then the root password. Enter.
Type then a series of commands. You cannot leave them alone. Here they are :

dnf update
It may bother you to "update" - and it takes a long time - a system that was just installed, but there's no way to skip this step. If you do it, everything later will seem ok but at the end you won't see, after reboot, appear the Mate option at the login step.

dnf groupinstall mate-desktop
This is then enough to create the Mate desktop environment.

But I suggest to launch also this :
dnf groupinstall mate-applications
dnf install @developer-worstation-environment
dnf install @web-server-environment

Then reboot.
You will see then that, besides the same Gnome options, you have also Mate.

You can then reconfigure the menu, add icons, use the system menu that allows you to let the system know your preferences and install additional softwares with one the many elements of the Applications menu.

!! If you modify the menu ... you can desactivate or even delelete useless items, moving them from one menu to another, or create a NEW menu, or a SUB-menu. DO NOT then attempt to turn a new menu into a sub-menu of an already existing menu : I did it and it cost me a lot of time, as the Applications menu then suddenly blank. And I finally had no other way (I tried to remove Mate and to reinstall : i found back Mate in that state) than make a reinstallation of all Linux Fedora !!

For other things, like installing Flash, you would find on internet instructions.
I did this and installed Flash :
rpm -ivh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-x86_64-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
# Fedora 26/25/24 #
dnf install flash-plugin alsa-plugins-pulseaudio libcurl
I found that at www.if-not-true-then-false.com

To use Netflix I have installed the Google Chrome browser.

For wifi, use the appropriate icons that are at the top right side of each Mate window.

BeanVatar
17th October 2017, 04:48 PM
Some additional links :
https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Switching_Desktop_Environments
https://fedoramagazine.org/installing-another-desktop/

An alternative to Skype : Ring :
https://fedoramagazine.org/installing-ring-fedora-26/

In order to use Netflix, don't complicate your life, just install Google Chrome :
https://www.if-not-true-then-false.com/2010/install-google-chrome-with-yum-on-fedora-red-hat-rhel/

BeanVatar
17th October 2017, 07:57 PM
A very interesting book, by Christopher Negus : The Linux Bible. 9th edition. Focused on RHEL and Fedora.
http://ca.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1118999878.html

BeanVatar
17th October 2017, 08:10 PM
If you just want Fedora with, and only with Mate, here is the ISO file you need :
https://spins.fedoraproject.org/mate-compiz/download/index.html
You can get there a "Fedora 26 MATE-Compiz Desktop".