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Old 20th October 2010, 07:06 AM
sajadfedorafrum Offline
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i686 i386 x86_64

what is the differences between these versions?
i686 i386 x86_64
as i know x86_64 is for 64 bit and i386 for 32bit but what about i686?
and also why when downloading for x86_64 it downloads package of i686
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Old 20th October 2010, 07:14 AM
CSchwangler Offline
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Re: i686 i386 x86_64

From wikipedia

Quote:
The P6 microarchitecture is the sixth generation Intel x86 microarchitecture, implemented by the Pentium Pro microprocessor that was introduced in November 1995. It is sometimes referred to as i686. It was succeeded by the NetBurst microarchitecture in 2000, but eventually revived in the Pentium M line of microprocessors. The successor to the Pentium M variant of the P6 microarchitecture is the Core microarchitecture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I686
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Old 20th October 2010, 07:55 AM
stevea Online
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Re: i686 i386 x86_64

i386 vs i686 refers to the way the code was compiled.

Early fedoras used to be built for i386, and this will run (AFAIK) will run on the ancient 80386 and later. The earliest part, like 8086 have an inadequate MMU IIRC.

Recent Fedora are built for i686 which executes on Pentium Pro "P6" architecture, introduced 15 years ago at 200Mhz, and later. The main difference is that the instruction set. included extension like the MMX instructions. These instruction where meant for graphics/media but they are also very useful for data manipulation. See "grep mmx /proc/cpuinfo ".

So if you compile with "gcc -march=i686", then the compiler generates instructions than cannot execute on the i586 and earlier architectures.

AFAIK this only impacts antique systems, and also some of the embedded Via/Citrix C7 family of processors, and some of the AMD Geode parts. Even for the C7 I think the problem is that those clowns never correctly implemented the MMX instruction set (has eternal errata). Anyway if you have a very low end embedded processor or a very ancient Pentium, then you need to find one of the distros that still has an i386 build.
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