Fedora Linux Support Community & Resources Center

Go Back   FedoraForum.org > Fedora Resources > Guides & Solutions (Not For Questions)
FedoraForum Search

Forgot Password? Join Us!

Guides & Solutions (Not For Questions) Post your guides here (No links to Blogs accepted). You can also append your comments/questions to a guide, but don't start a new thread to ask a question. Use another forum for that.

Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
  #1  
Old 24th January 2015, 10:36 AM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Oracle VirtualBox installation script

There are many threads here detailing the troubles that Fedora users have installing VirtualBox. It shouldn't be that difficult, and it really isn't.

My personal preference is to use the RPM from Oracle. It has worked extremely well for me for several years now.

In an effort to help Fedora users install Oracle VirtualBox and the Oracle VirtualBox Extension Pack under Fedora 20 and 21, i686 and x86_64, I've written a bash script.

I've spent about a week on this, testing and tweaking until the output and the results were just so. I've test run this script probably 100 times under Fedora 20 and 21 virtual machines and am completely confident in the results.

Truth be told, the script will work for releases older than 20 too with a small change in the code.

Give it a try if you wish. If you do, please let me know how it worked for you.

Comments and suggestions always welcome. Just be nice

PHP Code:
#!/bin/bash
# 21_oracle_virtualbox.sh
# Install and configure the Oracle version of VirtualBox for Fedora 20 and later.
# Install the Oracle VirtualBox Extension Pack.

# Glenn A. Johnson
# Started January 18, 2015
# Updated January 24, 2015

<< COMMENT
DNF 
for Fedora 21 and upyum for earlier releases
What 
if Fedora version of VirtualBox is already installedfailed or notVirtualBox-4.3.20-3.fc20.x86_64 kmod-VirtualBox-3.17.7-200.fc20.x86_64-4.3.20-1.fc20.4.x86_64
COMMENT

# Variables
# Additional packages usually needed for a successful install of VirtualBox
packfiles="kernel-devel-$(uname -r) gcc qt qt-x11 libpng15 dkms wget SDL"

# At some point, when Oracle releases an updated RPM, these variables will need to be changed.
vbox_source_file="VirtualBox-4.3-4.3.20_96996_fedora18-1."`uname -m`".rpm"
vbox_ext_source="Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.3.20-96996.vbox-extpack"

# Need root permissions at some point, might as well do it now.
if [[ $EUID -ne 0 ]] ; then
    clear
   
echo -$(tput bold)$(tput setaf 7)"You're going to need root permissions at some point. Let's get that out of the way now.\nUse \"sudo\" or \"su -c\""$(tput sgr0)
   exit 
0
fi

# Release 20 and later only
function get_release()
{
    
printf $(tput setaf 2)"Checking Fedora release version... "$(tput sgr0)
    
rel_num=$(rpm -qa --queryformat '%{version}\n' fedora-release)
    if [[ 
$rel_num "20" ]] ; then
        printf 
$(tput setaf 1)"\nThis script is for Fedora release 20 and later only.\nThis appears to be Fedora $rel_num.\n"$(tput sgr0)
       exit 
0
    
else printf $(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)" ✓"$(tput sgr0)
fi
echo
}

# Clear screen and print a banner
function banner()
{
    
clear
    printf 
$(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)"VirtualBox installation script for Fedora 20 and up\n"$(tput sgr0)
    
printf $(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)"Oracle VirtualBox and Oracle VirtualBox Extension Pack will be installed.\n"$(tput sgr0)
}

# Remove Oracle source files if they exist
function remove_source()
{
    for 
i in $vbox_source_file $vbox_ext_source ; do
        
rm -f $i
    done
}

# Remove Fedora VirtualBox. This will remove kmod-VirtualBox also.
function remove_fed_vbox()
{
vbox_installed=$(rpm -qa grep VirtualBox)
if [[ 
$vbox_installed ]] ; then
    printf 
$(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)"Removing Fedora version of VirtualBox. Please wait..."$(tput sgr0)
    
yum --q erase VirtualBox
    printf 
$(tput setaf 2)"\nDone.\n"$(tput sgr0)
fi
}

# Install the downloaded source RPM from Oracle
function install_source()
{
    if [[ -
f $vbox_source_file ]] ; then
        printf 
$(tput setaf 2)"Installing Oracle VirtualBox\n"$(tput sgr0)
        
rpm -Uvh $vbox_source_file
    
else
        echo $(
tput bold)$(tput setaf 1)"Source file missing."$(tput sgr0)
        exit 
0
    fi
}

# Get any necessary packages needed to complete the VirtualBox installation without errors
function get_packages()
{
echo -
-$(tput setaf 2)"Checking for necessary packages..."$(tput sgr0)
echo
newpkgs=""
for i in $packfiles ; do
   echo -
-$(tput setaf 2)"==> $i: "
   
rpm -q $i > /dev/null
    
if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then
        
echo $(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)"✓"$(tput sgr0)
    else
        echo $(
tput bold)$(tput setaf 1)"✗"$(tput sgr0)
        
newpkgs="${newpkgs} $i"
    
fi
done
if [ -"${newpkgs}]; then
   
echo --$(tput setaf 2)"==> Installing ${newpkgs}... "$(tput sgr0)
   
yum --q install ${newpkgs}
   echo -
$(tput setaf 2)"\nDone installing packages.\n"$(tput sgr0)
else
   echo $(
tput setaf 2)"==> $(tput bold)Nothing new to install."$(tput sgr0)
fi
}

# Get the VirtualBox source RPM from Oracle
function get_source()
{
    echo -
-$(tput setaf 2)"Getting VirtualBox source from the Oracle download site..."$(tput sgr0)
    case `
uname -min
        i386
vbox_source="http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.20/VirtualBox-4.3-4.3.20_96996_fedora18-1.i686.rpm" ;;
        
i686vbox_source="http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.20/VirtualBox-4.3-4.3.20_96996_fedora18-1.i686.rpm" ;;
        
x86_64vbox_source="http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.20/VirtualBox-4.3-4.3.20_96996_fedora18-1.x86_64.rpm" ;;
    
esac
        remove_source
        wget 
-q $vbox_source
        
echo -$(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)" ✓"$(tput sgr0)
        echo -
-$(tput setaf 2)"Getting the VirtualBox Extension Pack source file..."$(tput sgr0)
    
        
wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.20/$vbox_ext_source
        
echo -$(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)" ✓"$(tput sgr0)
echo
}

function 
install_extpack()
{
    if [[ -
f $vbox_ext_source ]] ; then
        
echo $(tput setaf 2)"Installing Oracle VirtualBox extension pack"$(tput sgr0)
        
VBoxManage extpack install --replace $vbox_ext_source
    
else
        echo $(
tput setaf 2)"Trying to install the Oracle VirtualBox extension pack but can't find the source file!"$(tput sgr0)
    
fi
}
    
function 
script_complete()
{
        
remove_source
        printf 
$(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)"Script run complete.\n"$(tput sgr0)
}

function 
script_cancel()
{
    
tput cuu1
    tput el
    printf 
$(tput setaf 2)"Script cancelled.\n"$(tput sgr0)
}

function 
query_user()
{
clear
banner
printf 
$(tput setaf 2)"\nFor this script to succeed you need to be running the newest available and installed kernel.\nIf you aren't running the newest available and installed kernel please exit this script\nand update your system.\n"$(tput sgr0)
printf $(tput bold)$(tput setaf 2)"Shall we continue? <y/n> "$(tput sgr0)
read yn
case $yn in
    y
get_release
       remove_source
       
#remove_fed_vbox
       
get_packages
       get_source
       install_source
       install_extpack
       script_complete
       
;;

    
n) echo $(tput setaf 2)"Update your system and reboot into the newest kernel. Then revisit this script."$(tput sgr0)
       exit 
0
       
;;
    *) 
script_cancel
        
exit 0
       
;;
esac
}
query_user 
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 24th January 2015, 03:07 PM
sea Offline
"Shells" (of a sub world)
 
Join Date: May 2011
Location: Confoederatio Helvetica (Swissh)
Age: 37
Posts: 4,280
windows_98_nt_2000mozilla
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Heya Glennzo

Cant try your script atm, for obvious reasons, but will do tomorrow or monday

For easier maintainance of the script, i'd recomend to set some values as variables:
Code:
VB_REL_VER="4.3-4.3.20_96996"
VB_REL_DIST="fedora18-1."
So your code (this example) would look like:
Code:
# At some point, when Oracle releases an updated RPM, these variables will need to be changed.
vbox_source_file="VirtualBox-${VB_REL_VER}_${VB_REL_DIST}."`uname -m`".rpm" 
vbox_ext_source="Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-${VB_REL_VER}.vbox-extpack"
NOTE: Those { brackets are required, specialy for the first one, otherwise it would take the 'connecting' underscore as part of the Name, this way it knows the variablename had ended.

You have reused the hardcoded version number of VB and release distro version of fedora quite a few times.
If you set them as a variable, you just need to change this, and not all XY occourences in the script.
Once done, its simpler to do than using sed for each version change.

Hope this helps
__________________
EFI Cheatsheet :: http://forums.fedoraforum.org/showthread.php?t=298546
Video Handler Script (VHS) (mass re-encode videos, screenrecorder, console music/webradio player, ...) :: http://forums.fedoraforum.org/showthread.php?t=299182
Windows 8+ & Fedora 20+ Dualboot :: http://forums.fedoraforum.org/showthread.php?t=298161
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old 24th January 2015, 03:44 PM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Thanks for the tips Sea. They make a lot of sense. I'll incorporate them into the script.
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old 24th January 2015, 05:40 PM
Dangermouse Offline
Administrator - (On Leave)
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: London Postbox (the red one)
Age: 51
Posts: 3,868
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Hi Glenn,

had a quick look, does it work for a PAE kernel as well (not that its used much now)
Reply With Quote
  #5  
Old 24th January 2015, 07:45 PM
marko Offline
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jun 2004
Location: Laurel, MD USA
Posts: 7,086
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

I use code like this to get fancy so I don't have to edit the script as the user updates by putting a new source file in with the script, I assume the usage mode is that the new file(s) are put in the directory with the script and only the new files. They should remove the previous one. The count test detects that the filename isn't single valued and echoes an error.
I use a glob to get the current exact filename by using find with the glob pattern. The goal is that the 'glob' is a
pattern that's going to be sticked to, you try to make it selective enough so it's very unlikely a file will be in the directory that
would match by accident.
Code:
#!/bin/bash
.... other code...

# change this for format changes if needed
VBOX_SRC_GLOB="VirtualBox-*."`uname -m`".rpm"


vbox_source_file=`/usr/bin/find . -mindepth 1 -maxdepth 1 -type f -name "$VBOX_SRC_GLOB"`
source_words=( $vbox_source_file )
source_count=${#source_words[@]}

if [ "$source_count" -ne 1 ]; then
    echo "ERROR multiple source files in install directory"
    echo "remove previous file(s) and re-run"
    exit 1
fi
Another comment, be careful with the 'tput' fanciness, I have a customer I have to deal with, their programmers went crazy with tput in one of their
scripts. It messes up the terminal when I try to use their script. I suspect it's a bad reaction with the TERM setting we use and they didn't save off the terminal settings at the beginning of the script to set it back to the way it was at the end.

The terminal is corrupted after the script exits and it's not back to normal until I manually do a "clear". What I did to work around that (I don't want to edit their script the many dozens of tput's every time I update their file), is to set my terminal to ansi-mono which blocks all tput color settings, then I run their script:

export TERM='ansi-mono'
run script...

Last edited by marko; 24th January 2015 at 09:33 PM. Reason: code fix
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old 24th January 2015, 08:22 PM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

@Dangermouse. Not sure about the PAE thing. Don't have a virtual machine running that kernel, at least not at the moment. Good point though.

@ marko. I'm all about how the script looks. The least important factor.

Let's try this with no color changes at all and I'll incorporate some of the other suggestions here too. Later though, not enough time right now.
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #7  
Old 24th January 2015, 09:26 PM
zuser Online
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 179
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

As a coincidence, I only decided to install VirtualBox this morning. I have no prior experience with virtual machines. Installed from the Fedora repos and it took several tries to get it running, but it seemed ok with one virtual machine installed.

After finding this post, copied the script above and glad to say it ran perfectly replacing repo version with latest from oracle. My system is F21_64 bit with KDE.

Thanks for that.
Reply With Quote
  #8  
Old 24th January 2015, 09:28 PM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Updated code, better variables (not perfect), no color. Still needs work but it still works.

PHP Code:
#!/bin/bash
# 2_oracle_virtualbox.sh

# Glenn A. Johnson
# Started January 24, 2015
# Updated January 24, 2015

# Variables
# Additional packages usually needed for a successful install of VirtualBox
PACKFILES="kernel-devel-$(uname -r) gcc qt qt-x11 libpng15 dkms wget SDL"

# At some point, when Oracle releases an updated RPM, these variables will need to be changed.
VBOX_SOURCE_FILE="VirtualBox-4.3-4.3.20_96996_fedora18-1.`uname -m`.rpm"
VBOX_EXT_SOURCE="Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.3.20-96996.vbox-extpack"

# Need root permissions at some point, might as well do it now.
if [[ $EUID -ne 0 ]] ; then
    clear
   
echo -"You're going to need root permissions at some point. Let's get that out of the way now.\nUse \"sudo\" or \"su -c\""
   
exit 0
fi

# Release 20 and later only
function get_release()
{
    
clear
    printf 
"Checking Fedora release version... "
    
REL_NUM=$(rpm -qa --queryformat '%{version}\n' fedora-release)
    if [[ 
$REL_NUM "20" ]] ; then
        printf 
"\nThis script is for Fedora release 20 and later only.\nThis appears to be Fedora $REL_NUM.\n"
       
exit 0
    
else printf " ✓"
fi
echo
}

# Clear screen and print a banner
function banner()
{
    
clear
    printf 
"VirtualBox installation script for Fedora 20 and up\n"
    
printf "Oracle VirtualBox and Oracle VirtualBox Extension Pack will be installed.\n"
}

# Remove Oracle source files if they exist
function remove_source()
{
    for 
i in $VBOX_SOURCE_FILE $VBOX_EXT_SOURCE ; do
        
rm -f $i
    done
}

# Remove Fedora VirtualBox. This will remove kmod-VirtualBox also.
function remove_fed_vbox()
{
vbox_installed=$(rpm -qa grep VirtualBox)
if [[ 
$vbox_installed ]] ; then
    printf 
"Removing Fedora version of VirtualBox. Please wait..."
    
yum --q erase VirtualBox
    printf 
"\nDone.\n"
fi
}

# Get any necessary packages needed to complete the VirtualBox installation without errors
function get_packages()
{
echo -
-"Checking for necessary packages..."
echo
newpkgs=""
for i in $PACKFILES ; do
   echo -
-"==> $i: "
   
rpm -q $i > /dev/null
    
if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then
        
echo "✓"
    
else
        echo 
"✗"
        
newpkgs="${newpkgs} $i"
    
fi
done
if [ -"${newpkgs}]; then
   
echo --"==> Installing ${newpkgs}... "
   
yum --q install ${newpkgs}
   echo -
"\nDone installing packages.\n"
else
   echo 
"==> Nothing new to install."
fi
}

# Get the VirtualBox source RPM from Oracle
function get_source()
{
    echo -
-"Getting VirtualBox source from the Oracle download site..."
    
remove_source
    wget 
-q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.20/$VBOX_SOURCE_FILE
    
echo -" ✓"
    
echo --"Getting the VirtualBox Extension Pack source file..."    
    
wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.20/$VBOX_EXT_SOURCE
    
echo -" ✓"
echo
}

# Install the downloaded source RPM from Oracle
function install_source()
{
    if [[ -
f $VBOX_SOURCE_FILE ]] ; then
        printf 
"Installing Oracle VirtualBox\n"
        
rpm -Uvh $VBOX_SOURCE_FILE
    
else
        echo 
"Source file missing."
        
exit 0
    fi
}

function 
install_extpack()
{
    if [[ -
f $VBOX_EXT_SOURCE ]] ; then
        
echo "Installing Oracle VirtualBox extension pack"
        
VBoxManage extpack install --replace $VBOX_EXT_SOURCE
    
else
        echo 
"Trying to install the Oracle VirtualBox extension pack but can't find the source file!"
    
fi
}

function 
script_complete()
{
        
remove_source
        printf 
"Script run complete.\n"
}

function 
script_cancel()
{
    
tput cuu1
    tput el
    printf 
"Script cancelled.\n"
}

function 
query_user()
{
clear
banner
printf 
"\nFor this script to succeed you need to be running the newest available and installed kernel.\nIf you aren't running the newest available and installed kernel please exit this script\nand update your system.\n"
printf "Shall we continue? <y/n> "
read yn
case $yn in
    y
get_release
       remove_source
       
#remove_fed_vbox
       
get_packages
       get_source
       install_source
       install_extpack
       script_complete
       
;;

    
nscript_cancel
        
exit 0
       
;;
    *) 
script_cancel
        
exit 0
       
;;
esac
}
query_user 
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #9  
Old 25th January 2015, 09:46 AM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Quote:
Originally Posted by zuser View Post
As a coincidence, I only decided to install VirtualBox this morning. I have no prior experience with virtual machines. Installed from the Fedora repos and it took several tries to get it running, but it seemed ok with one virtual machine installed.

After finding this post, copied the script above and glad to say it ran perfectly replacing repo version with latest from oracle. My system is F21_64 bit with KDE.

Thanks for that.
That's good news! I happy to hear that the script was a useful tool for someone.
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #10  
Old 25th January 2015, 11:38 AM
Skull One Offline
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jun 2010
Location: Lost...
Posts: 1,300
linuxredhatmozilla
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Since you can assign the 'tput' output to variables, you can easily remove the colors as an option. Here an example (example.sh):
Code:
#!/bin/bash

# Color definitions; the variables are null it the option NOCOLOR is set
if [ -z "$NOCOLOR" ]; then
        OK=$(tput bold;tput setaf 2)
        ERR=$(tput bold;tput setaf 1)
        RST=$(tput sgr0)
else
        OK=
        ERR=
        RST=
fi
# end of color definitions

echo -en "[ ${ERR}Error${RST} ]"
echo -e "[ ${OK}OK${RST} ]"
Usage with colors:
example.sh
and without:
NOCOLOR=1 example.sh
__________________
:confused:
Reply With Quote
  #11  
Old 25th January 2015, 11:51 AM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Quote:
Originally Posted by Skull One View Post
Since you can assign the 'tput' output to variables, you can easily remove the colors as an option. Here an example (example.sh):
Code:
#!/bin/bash

# Color definitions; the variables are null it the option NOCOLOR is set
if [ -z "$NOCOLOR" ]; then
        OK=$(tput bold;tput setaf 2)
        ERR=$(tput bold;tput setaf 1)
        RST=$(tput sgr0)
else
        OK=
        ERR=
        RST=
fi
# end of color definitions

echo -en "[ ${ERR}Error${RST} ]"
echo -e "[ ${OK}OK${RST} ]"
Usage with colors:
example.sh
and without:
NOCOLOR=1 example.sh
Interesting. I like that and might just try adding it to my script. Thanks Skull One.
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #12  
Old 25th January 2015, 12:12 PM
rich1974 Offline
Registered User
 
Join Date: Feb 2012
Location: romania
Posts: 76
windows_7mozilla
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

thanx man.....great job!
i just installed virtual box. previously i have had virtual box from fedora and i had to remove it since my first attempt to install, over fedora version, has failed.
thanx again!
Reply With Quote
  #13  
Old 25th January 2015, 12:13 PM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Quote:
Originally Posted by rich1974 View Post
thanx man.....great job!
i just installed virtual box. previously i have had virtual box from fedora and i had to remove it since my first attempt to install, over fedora version, has failed.
thanx again!
Sweet! 2 for 2! Glad the script worked as expected.
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #14  
Old 25th January 2015, 01:59 PM
glennzo Online
Un-Retired Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: In your closet
Posts: 15,541
linuxfirefox
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Just as info, seems that there is a problem with forum attachments so I can't upload a tar file, hence the full script.
__________________
Glenn
The Bassinator
© ®
Reply With Quote
  #15  
Old 25th January 2015, 02:08 PM
MadmanRB Offline
Registered User
 
Join Date: May 2013
Location: Places
Posts: 215
linuxchrome
Re: Oracle VirtualBox installation script

Just seems odd that virtualbox is this hard to install, sure we have gnome boxes but boxes isnt that good IMHO
__________________
Insane in the membrane
Reply With Quote
Reply

Tags
installation, oracle, script, virtualbox

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
oracle virtualbox not working pythonkr11 Wibble 1 7th September 2012 07:48 PM
oracle virtualbox not working pythonkr11 Fedora Focus 1 7th September 2012 07:20 PM
Oracle Virtualbox clueless Using Fedora 5 17th May 2011 10:39 AM
[SOLVED] oracle vm virtualbox postmanpat Using Fedora 5 24th November 2010 11:51 AM
Update Oracle VM VirtualBox error JValeck Using Fedora 2 12th October 2010 05:42 AM


Current GMT-time: 12:33 (Monday, 24-07-2017)

TopSubscribe to XML RSS for all Threads in all ForumsFedoraForumDotOrg Archive
logo

All trademarks, and forum posts in this site are property of their respective owner(s).
FedoraForum.org is privately owned and is not directly sponsored by the Fedora Project or Red Hat, Inc.

Privacy Policy | Term of Use | Posting Guidelines | Archive | Contact Us | Founding Members

Powered by vBulletin® Copyright ©2000 - 2012, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.

FedoraForum is Powered by RedHat