Thanks for the quick reply! Yes, bluez was installed as well as gnome-bluetooth. I even tried removing and reinstalling them just in case. I was having the very strange behavior that whenever I would run
$ sudo /etc/init.d/bluetooth restart
$ sudo /etc/init.d/bluetooth status
it would say that bluetooth was not started. However, I believe I have solved my problem. I think I specified the wrong ectype initially and did not know to run
between each try of a different ectype. Therefore, when I restarted my computer, it loaded the module (with ectype=14) and I am now able to access my bluetooth adapter! I have since tested it and it seems to be working well! I have written up a little tutorial on my experiences
with this and have also put together a little bash script for managing enabling/disabling the bluetooth adapter as well as checking on it's status.
Hopefully that information can be helpful to others who are also trying to enable bluetooth on their Toshiba laptops.